Basic General information about China, includes land area, population and cultures
Compared with other countries?China has the second highest GPD in the world as of 2018. It is 6320 billion dollars away from the USA’s GPD, and 8925 billion dollars higher than the third highest GPD.
Above graph shows amount of employed people over time, showing growing working population leads to higher GDP
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Between 1960 and 1976, the income and the percentage of the industry sector in GDP was low compared to most of the world. After Mao died, the industry sector was further developed and now counts for 40.5% of the GDP, which is a huge difference from the 31.9% of GDP in 1961.
China had ones of the fastest growing economies in the world, having a growth 7% per year from 2013 to 2017.
China had the largest economy in 2017 according to the purchasing power parity.
Due to intense growth, China’s economy surpassed The US’s economy in 2014
China currently has the world’s largest population of 1.3 billion people, followed closely by India with 1.2 billion people. Amount of people contributes to higher working force, military personnel and a larger number of professionals and talented people as assets.
As China is a communist country, food and wealth is evenly distributed across the country. As China’s population is very large, poverty and starvation is common. Needs to be solved before becoming world superpower ( not superpower)
the majority of the population are between 15-39 years old, which contributes to the working force back in 1950.
It is estimated that people would have a much higher life expectancy in 2020, and in the above graph we can see the longest bars are age 30-34 and 55-59, which consists of the baby boomers of 1960s and 1980s. This makes the working force significantly smaller and older on average in the next five years.
The population of China is growing as well, which leads to more middle class families who contribute to consumption which leads to a growth of consumerism
Most of China’s lands are mostly inhabited and also protect the heart of China which contains most of the population. The paths to China at the land borders are known to be nearly impossible to cross.
China has achieved its strategic goals by claiming these regions as the lands are now mostly unwanted and unable to conquer, which leaves China’s greatest military threat to be the US Navy.
The BRI programme is expected to involve over US$1 trillion in investments, largely in infrastructure development for ports, roads, railways and airports, as well as power plants and telecommunications networks.
helped China gain land to place strategic maritime ports and military bases.
it has signed partnership contracts with over 60 countries – 65 per cent of the world’s population.
Chose weak and poor countries to invest in as they have no choice but to give China the ports and railways because they cannot pay back or fight back.
Compare with other countries, China + manpower – technology (tanks, nuclear warheads, helicopters)
China, according to many sources, can be the peer competitor
Above graph shows the difference in military spending in countries since 2007 (source: 2016)
Above graph shows which countries the US and China export unmanned aerial vehicles to.
As the US is reluctant to sell this technology to many people, China can take advantage and sell their version to many countries who are willing to buy. China is developing a wide range of military items, including planes and tanks.