Environment is the most powerful stimuli which effect an individual way of thinking and behaving. Individual pattern of thinking, personality styles and their traits are mostly influenced by the surrounding. Every individual faces troubles and difficulties in their lives but the way they respond to them are highly shaped by their parents and surrounding people. As the lives of individual is highly effected by their environment the same way the individual who born in highly prosper environment will throw them to live their lives in luxuries as they do not have face any difficulty in their starting lives so, mostly they live their lifes as an independent individuals and the development of positive traits were found less in them as compared to the individuals who born in the time of recession and from whom the availability of primary needs were less to them. Everyone is busy in their own lives and their own problems so, mostly our elders in their later stages of life feel loneliness, they are unable to share their problems with others due to which they take more stress which effect both their physical and mental health and mostly their attitude towards their life is negative which suggests that the attitude towards their life is negative. While comparing previous generations with today’s young generations, today’s young generation have more socially connected they have more friends to which they share their own problems they do not take as much as stress take by the previous generations or elders so, the attitude of today’s young generation towards life is mostly positive and if they face any trouble in their lives so, by the help of their family and friends they are able to handle that unpleasant situation. Mostly the previous generations lives their life as an independent individuals the social networking is not that much vast they mostly sought out their own problems without any one’s help they also considered him/her self as a dominant and does not relaying on others for problem solving or decision making. Nowadays, as we seen our parents they mostly ordered their child’s to obey their orders and in mostly cases they denied child’s decision even in child’s own life, parents selected any vocation for their child’s, without child’s involvement they took important steps of their life to show his/her dominancy and superiority they have upon their children’s. As result of which the child’s life is totally dependent on their parents life even in a small decisions they need permission from their parents and all other family members due to which they defined themselves in the concept of ‘we’ phenomena rather than ‘me’. The time period in which an individual was born has a great impact on the way of their thinking style and personality development and the development of positive traits in them.
Study concluded that Relationship between age groups with resilience is mild positive, which shows that along with the age the resilience in people tends to increase. In case of narcissism the relationship between age group and narcissism is found to be negative which indicates that there is a negative relationship between these variables and along within increase in the age the narcissism tends to decrease. The study also concluded that there are somehow increase in vanity and entitlement in age groups which are basically the factors of narcissism.
Study also reveals that the level of resiliency in previous generation i.e, Xennials were found higher in them as compared to Millennials, while compared with Generation Z the level of resilience were found less in Xennials. While compare Millennials with Generation Z the level of resilience were found less in them which shows that today’s young generation were found to be more resilient than the previous generations.
Narcissism is a negatively correlated with all of the three generations which indicated that there is an inverse relation that has been found in generations and narcissism. There is a very small increase in the level of narcissism as we shift from one generation to next.
Study conclude that there is a mild positive relation between age groups and resilience which also supports our hypothesis that there is an impact of age groups on the level of resilience, as we shift from one generation to the next there is a significant change in the level of resiliency in each of generation. Study also concluded that there is a mild negative relation between age groups and level of narcissism which also supports our hypothesis that there is an impact of age groups on the level of narcissism, as we shift from one generation to the next the level of narcissism tends to decrease which reveals that the ability to bounce back or positive attitudes towards life tends to increase as we shift from one generation to the next. While comparing all of the three generations the study concluded that Generation Z were found more resilient and the probability of decreased in the level of narcissism become increased which also supports our alternative hypothesis that Generation Z is more resilient than and less narcissist than the other generations and also, that relationship between Generation Z with narcissism is low negative and with resilience mildly positive which proves our hypothesis than there is a significant relationship between Generation Z and resilience. Study also concludes that the level of narcissism is very low negative correlated with Millennials which means that the relation exist but negative and very low as we shift from Xennials to Millennials the level of narcissism become decrease but not much as Xennials and Generation Z which supports our hypothesis that Millennials are more narcissist than Xennials and Generation Z also, when compare Millennials with other generations the level of resiliency is mild positive but has been found less as compared to the other two generation which also proves our hypothesis that Millennials are less resilient generation than Xennials and Generation Z. Also there is a very low negative relation with narcissism and mild positive relation with resilience which supports our hypothesis that there is a significant relationship between Millennials with resiliency and narcissism. Study also reveals that the level of narcissism is mild negative correlated with Xennials which means that as we shift from previous generation to Xennials the level of narcissism tends to decrease in mild level but when we compare their mild negative correlation with Millennials (very low negative correlation with narcissism) and Generation Z (low negative correlation with narcissism) it has been found that Xennials are less narcissist than Millennials and more narcissist than Generation Z which supports our alternative hypothesis that Xennials are more narcissist than Generation Z and less narcissist than Millennials. As we compare the results of Xennials on resiliency with Millennials and Generation Z results it has been found that Xennials are more resilient than Millennials and less resilient than Generation Z which proves our alternative hypothesis that Xennials are more resilient than Millennials and less resilient than Generation Z. Also study concluded that there is a mild positive relation found between resilience and Xennials and mild negative relation between narcissism and Xennilas which proves our hypothesis that there is a significant relationship between Xennials with narcissism and resilience.
? There is a significant relationship between Millennials and level of narcissism. (Rejected)
? There is a significant relationship between Gen Z and level of resiliency. (Accepted)
? Millennials are more narcissistic than Generation Z. (Accepted)
? Generation Z are more resilient than Millennials. (Accepted)
? Xennials are more narcissistic than Generation Z. (Accepted)
? Generation Z are more resilient than Xennials. (Accepted)
? There is an impact of age group on the level of narcissism. (Accepted)
? There is an impact of age group on the level of resilience. (Accepted)
To examine the relationship between Xennials, Millennials and Generation Z with level of narcissism and resilience adjoin it with the previous researches which are done on different generations with level of resilience and narcissism. The statistical analysis has proven that the relationship of Xennials with resilience is mild positive and with the narcissism is mild negative. The relationship of Gen Z with narcissism is mild negative and with resilience is mildly positive. The relationship between Millennials and resilience is positive and between Millennials and narcissism is negative. It has also proved by previous researches that relation of different generations with resilience and narcissism is either positive or negative. Some generations have positive relation with narcissism and some have negative similarly some generations have positive relation with resilience and some have negative.
The first hypothesis meant to observe the relationship between Milliennials and level of narcissism, which is proved by the research of Christian Jarred. He did research on Millennials and proved that Millennials work for the betterment of the world and of the people. They devote themselves for the good of society and feel pride on their work(Christian Jarred, 2017). Jean twinge also work on the level of narcissism and resilience in different generation and discovered that relationship exist between Millennials and narcissism but she prove that narcissism level is high in Millennials and resilience is low(Jean Twenge, 2013). Later other researchers oppose the view of Jean Twenge and prove that narcissism level is low in Millennials. Millennials work sincerely and considered themselves responsible for their work. He believe that those who work for others are never be narcissist (Carrie skowronski, 2016). Early researches on narcissism has done through NPI scale and the meaning of their items change with the passage of time so the level of narcissism may decrease or increase over time (Brent Robert, 2010). The statistical analysis of this study shown that Millennials have low negative relation with narcissism in which the value of r=-.099 which support the study of Christain Jarred as well.
The second hypothesis states the relationship between Gen Z and the level of resiliency on which different researches have done. Gen Z is the generation that used internet and other technology in early age. They considered self as an independent. A study done in 2014 on college students found that Gen Z college student considered him/herself as being loyel , responsible, and open minded and see their peers different from self. In 2017 a study conducted on Gen Z and found that due to much usage of social media the generation z people feel depressed and alone due to which they behave aggressively all the time and cannot deal with stressful situations. A research conducted on 10,000 families from 2010 -2015. The researchers examine children of the age 10 -15 years. After examining the children the researchers conclude that the use of social media increase with age that some time cause decreased in self-esteem and in emotional stability (university of essexe). The previous researches show that Gen z has mild level of resilience. The reason is themore usageof social media and mostly they are dependent on technology. This study support the 2014 study which is done on college student and prove that Gen Z have mild level of resiliency.In this study the value of r= .343 which show the resiliency level in Gen Z.
The third hypothesis state that Millinneals are more narcissist than Gen z, adjoin it with the previous researches in which one of the psychologist Neil Paterson told that Millennials are less narcissistic. From his research he conclude that average level of narcissism is decreased with the passage of time (Neil Paterson, 2017). Another researcher said that Millennials are more narcissist than other generations (Jean twinge, 2013). Christian jarred oppose the view of jean twinge and conclude that Millennials are less narcissist because they do work for the good of people. They do their work by themselves without the help of any oneelse (Christian jarred, 2017).
The statistical analysis of this study concludes that Millennials are more narcissist than generation z and Xennials which support the view of Jean twinge. In this study the value of r= -.009 which show the level of narcissism in Millennials.
The fourth hypothesis claims that Gen Z aremore resilient than Millennials. From the studies of previous researchers it conclude that resiliency exist in every generation but their level is increase or decrease. However different studies suggest that Millennials are the generation that can cope with stress full situation and Generation Z can cope sometime. Generation Z are dependent on their parents and their parents remove hurdles that they have faced (Cowan, 2014). Generation Z are the most open minded people and use social media more than other generations. They learn a lot from social media and can cope better with any situation (Prof. Ian Duncan, Greendale CC, 2012).
This study reveals that Generation Z are more resilient and Millennials are less resilient. The data collected from different people about the level of resiliency in these three generation and when statistical analysis run on this data then the value of r = .343 in generation z and in Millennial r = .292 comes. Which means that they both have mild positive relation with resilience.
The fifth hypothesis state that Xenniels are less narcissist than Gen Z. It is proved from the researches of different psychologists (like Jean Twinge, Coyle, Jarred). These psychologist believe that Xennials are the early generation that are less narcissist than the young generation and Millennials. Xennials are the generation who spent their early life without using computer or any other social media. They consider themselves too confident (Kim Mackenzie). While Generation Z are mostly independent decision maker and have low self confidence (Prof. Ian Duncan, 2012). Grubbs believe that the term narcissist have an effect on the attitude, behaviour and mental health of the people (Grubbs, 2017).
The results of this study shown that Xennials are less narcissist than Millennials and little more narcissist than Generation Z. The relationship of the Xennials with narcissism is low positive and the relationship of the Generation Z with narcissism is mild negative. The analysis that is run on the data of narcissism in Xennials and Generation Z show that Xennials are less narcissist generation. The value of r that comes from the statistical analysis of this study is r = -.039 ( Xennial r value) and r = -.061 (Gen Z r value).
The sixth hypothesis is related to age and narcissism which is ‘age have an impact on the level of narcissism’. Many researches are done on the topic of narcissism and age and noted that age have an impact on the narcissistic tendencies and bring changes in the role of individuals (Wheelock, 1997). Wheelock also told that these changes can cause ”narcissistic injury”(Wheelock, 1997). The change in role and tendencies may cause a lack of independence and responsibility (Danko et.al, 2009). Some researchers thus suggest that narcissism decrease with age. As age increase the level of narcissism decrease and vice versa. Simultaneously it decrease self-attention and ego when age increase (Battegay and Mullejans, 1992). Kalliopuska described that low level of narcissism leading to the feelings of loneliness and isolation (Kalliopuska, 2000). A study noted that middle aged people have high level of narcissism than older aged people. The study of Gregory L. Carter and Melanie D. Douglass suggest that age is negatively related with narcissism (Gregory L. carter and Melanie D. Douglass).
The statistical analysis of this study also suggest that narcissism is negatively related with age. This study also proves that narcissism is negatively related with all three generations. This study prove that as age increase level of narcissism decrease that support the previous researches. The effect of age on the sub categories of narcissism is different. The total r value of age on narcissism is r = -.108 and their sub category values of r are; age group have mild negative relation with authority and their r value is r = -.079, with self-sufficiency is mild positive i-e r = .042, with superiority is mild negative i-e r = -.175, with exhibition is mild negative i-e r = -.128, with exploitativness has almost no relationship i-e r = .004, with vanity is very low positive relation i-e r = .024, with entitlement is also low positive relationship i-e r = .063. so the effect of age on narcissism is different and is sometime negative and sometime positive.
The seventh and last hypothesis state that age has an impact on the level of resilience. Researchers suggest that increase in resilient factor such as self-esteem is dependent on age. Some studies confirm that self-esteem is lower in young people. Other researches confirm as age increase self-esteem decrease. Some researches that has been conducted on few last years noted that there is a significant relationship between people’s resiliency, their environment, their mental health, their well-being, and in their age group (Garmezy et.al, 1984, Luther, 2003). Some studies suggested that resilience does not decline with age, older people are as resilient as younger people (Gooding et.al, 2012).
To support the view of Gooding et.al the statistical analysis of this study also suggest that as age increase resilience increase which means that age have positive impact on resilience. The result of this study suggests that with the increase of age the level of resiliency increase. The statistical analysis of this study show the value of r is r = .264 which means that age has positive relationship with resilience. It shows that resilience and age have positively related with each other.
In all these the study simply conclude that age are negatively related with narcissism and positive related with resilience. The narcissism is also negatively related with all three generations and resilience is positively related with these three generations.