Jean Twinge psychologist deliberated narcissism in millennial. According to her research millennial postulated that the origin of their narcissism is their societal or cultural changes particularly by extended focus on individualism. Jean twinge’s researches ground on NPI (narcissistic personality inventory). She and her colleagues ceased that the two-third of the millennials more narcissistic. In 2013 Twinge cease that the evidence strongly shore up the idea that individuals who born between 1985-1995 (young generation) is more ‘generation me’ beside ‘generation we’.
Christian Jarred (2017) aprised that low self-esteem is the root of mental and psychological problem. Jaffrey Arnett antagonist the view of Jean Twinge and believe that the young generation are faintly representative. He also question mark that whether the Twinge’s NPI measures narcissism. He trusted that ‘millennial are unprecedented and philanthropic, they work for ameliorate the world’. Along with his teammates he believe that millennial are less narcissist. Brent Robert and his co-workers deliberated narcissism in different separate zones. They did not only outlook the narcissism trait directly but also saw other related traits like leadership quality, egotism and appropriation. They came to end that disparate generation interpret the statement differently. Findings of Brent Robert and his colleagues, ‘the millennials are slighter narcissistic than the other generations’. The difficulty that was emerging and view by Brooke lea Foster (2014) is the elucidation of the item in NPI. For instance the item ‘I like assertive’ or ‘I wish I were more assertive’ gauged narcissism, self-esteem, or leadership quality. Robert and his fellow workers trusted that the meaning of the items in NPI become different with the traversal of time. From this shift in denotation of the items they concluded that narcissism is slowly decreased from 1990s to 2010s.
Personality expert Brent Roberts along with his colleagues, by several cohorts studies on three American Universities in three different eras; 1990s, 2000s and early 2000s. Brent with his colleagues sliced the findings and disclosed that narcissism has been contracted or lessen among young people since 90s. Which shows that narcissism were found higher in 80s and start 90s.
Joshua Grubbs at case Western Reserve University stated that millennial himself and old generation concur that narcissism were found higher in them (in millennials) as contrasted to other generation. Grubbs computed the narcissistic behavior in millennials via social media. He vocalized them to choose between the emoji and cartoon faces which best ensembles their feelings. Grubbs concluded that people who were high narcissistic must choose happy emoji and less narcissistic people choose sad emoji. Grubbs have a confident over that still millennial show more aggression, frustration and sadness as contrasted to other generation. Some researchers said that the level of narcissism exist higher in millennial than other generation and this is the reason Grubbs believes ‘narcissistic’ label have an effect on the attitude , behavior, emotions and the mental well-being of millennial generation.
Neil Petersen (2017) stated that millennial are found to be less narcissistic, he further discussed that in one study researchers accumulated data from various generations and concluded that narcissism were found less in millennials than other generations. From the findings they came to end that the standard elevation of narcissism is reduced over time.
Coyle (2012) assumes that when people experience stress or tightness because of physical, spiritual and psychological changes than they gain autonomy from parents. Bland et al. (2012) did research on undergraduates and asked them about their stress. The students delineated that the most stressful events of their life are their school and parental expectations and change in living condition. From this study Bland and his colleagues said that stressful situation some time cause mental problem in people and leads them toward less resiliency but they (millennials) also have the ability to cope with stress full events. Brook Anderson (2015) said that millennial vary in characteristics from other generations in certain aspects like in communication with other peoples, in decision making. According to Anderson recent studies reveals that millennial manifest more resiliency in cultural and socioeconomic changes. Wood concluded that millennials are more optimistic, they had positive and good attitude toward their friends and colleagues that make them resilient. Millennials work hard and they care about their work. Millennial have experience difficult time, unemployment, low income level but except all these difficulties they live their life happily. This means that they have the ability to handle all difficult situations in preferable and positive way which revealed the resilience in them.
The study conducted by Ben Pauling reveals that their is a greater deviation between Millennial and I Gen, this is because the surge of social media and technology in the viability of those who born after 2000s. Pauling observed that entire generation Z are autocratic and opposed to in-person interactions (Revelant, 2016).
A recent study conducted by Dr. A.P. Sing and Jianguanglung Dangmei in 2016, from which they came to end that Generation Z incline of being snippy, dearth of ambitious and instant minded than the rest of generations due to highly dependency on technology they have procure attention deficit disorder and low attention span, self-directed, acquisitive, individualistic, materialistic, entitled and self-directed generation.
In 2014 Professor Jean Twenge conducted a study by using Narcissistic Personality Inventory which reveals that 18 and 19 years old youngsters are much more narcissistic than teens of previous cohort groups or generations (Riseman 2017).
By conducted interviews with youngsters and paper’s polling Noreena Hertz concluded that Generation Z are pessimistic that something good will be happen in their future life. 79% of them are fret about how to get their jobs while 72% fret about debt and they have extremely anxious and deeply distrustful towards the government (Stillman).
According to Emile Anatole (2013) Millennials are optimistic while Generation Z are realistic. They comprehend how terrifying the world can be, having grown after the 9/11 which was the time of great recession and amid innumerable reports of school violence. I Geneneration also have discern the direct out-turn of economy and are highly aware of troubling time. All these pitch-black events will indubitably make them security minded and highly cautious, and also persuade them to enhance the world. Their nurturing has made them pragmatic and resilient. Instead of hiding from problems they are able to face that difficult situations and able to understand and confront that difficult times. In spite of terrible time they have faced, 6% only in them are frighten about their futures. Generation Z have grown up in focussed social evolution and major upheavals which widen and more clear their knowledge regarding to multiple of phenomena’s also they are inclusionary aware, intrigued and offering advices or suggestion, become more analytic and are able to face uncertain, unresolved situation and how to respond in stressful circumstances.
2.1 Objectives of the study
? Determine the impact of different age groups on the level of narcissism.
? Determine the impact of different age groups on the level of resiliency.
? Dredge the association between narcissism and Millennial.
? Detect the association between resilience and Generation Z.
? Compare Gen Z with Millennials which disclose that which generation are more resilient.
? Compare Xennilas with Millennials which divulge that either Xennial show more narcissism or Millennial.
? Compare Gen Z with Millennials which unveil that by whom in these two’s are more narcissistic.
? Compare Gen Z with Xennials which reveal that either Gen Z shows more resilience or Xennial are more resilient generation.
2.2 Statement of the problem
Generations are named and split up on the basis of their specified personality traits and according to their beliefs, values and characteristics. Every generation have faced some troubles and traumas in their lives, some of them considered as unable to cope while others learned a lesson and able that how to manage themselves in a troubled environment. The extent of positive way of thinking towards adverse situation are increased gradually along with generations, previous generations are grownup in a healthy environment but today’s generation which are born in 2000s faced more troubled time, which make them strong and able them that how to faced antipathetic situation and how to cope with that. Due to positive perspectives the level of narcissism which were exist higher in preceding generations (which considered themselves as a centre of attention and attraction) were slightly tend to decreased in today’s generation.
Accompanying individual’s own ability ‘environment will also matter in structuring personality, beliefs and attitudes’. If individual’s grown in collectivist society most probably there exist the concept of ”we” than ”me” in contrast to those grown in individualistic fraternity.
The purpose of conducting this study is to detect the association between narcissism and resiliency with three different age groups furthermore the effects of generations on the level of resiliency and narcissism .
2.3 Hypothesis
? There is a momentous connection between Millennials and narcissism.
? There is a noteworthy relation between Gen Z and resiliency.
? Millennials are more narcissistic than Generation Z.
? Generation Z are more resilient than Millennials.
? Xennials are more narcissistic than Generation Z.
? Generation Z are more resilient than Xennials.
? Age group effect the level of narcissism.
? There is an impact of age group on resiliency.