Test which was developed by Cambridge English


Test which was developed by Cambridge English, Language Assessment, University of Cambridge). Tests are used as indicators of students’ learning as well as how much effective their teachers’ teaching is. The test used is a parametric test that has been officially published and is commercially available on an international level. Past exam papers can be obtained online as well. Cohen et al. (2007, p. 415) define parametric tests as “published tests which are commercially available and which have been piloted and standardized on a large and representative sample of the whole population. They usually arrive complete with the backup data on sampling, reliability and validity statistics which have been computed in the devising of the tests.” They also contend that these kinds of tests enable “the researcher to use statistics applicable to interval and ratio levels of data.”