the adverse effect and to enhance economic and social benefits from solid waste as well as its manage According to
the adverse effect and to enhance economic and social benefits from solid waste as well as its manage According to (Edemealem, 2014) solid waste management (SWM) services in Ethiopia were the responsibilities of the municipalities, which resulted in an inadequate service provision. While FDRE SWM proclamation No.513/2007 formulated at federal level allows the private sectors including micro and small enterprises (MSEs) to participate in solid waste management service. According to the author’s explanation the service is highly affected by a number of factors mainly a serious shortage of waste transport vehicles which has a great impact on the frequency of waste collection, poorly designed hand carts, absence of waste separation at source, unsafe waste disposal methods, insufficient funding systems, inadequate monitoring and supervision and weak enforcement of rules to implement activities as per the source of environmental law. The basis for the Environmental Policy of Ethiopia is articles 92.1 and 92.2 of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Article 92.1: “Government shall endeavor to ensure that all Ethiopians live in a clean and healthy environment”;
Article 92.2: “Government and citizens shall have the duty to protect the environment” (Forum for Environment, 2010).
The major environmental body in Ethiopia is the Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). The EPA is responsible for central level environmental protection by formulating the national environmental policy. The EPA issued the Environmental Policy of Ethiopia which refers to waste management in three different articles, either directly or indirectly: ?Article 3.7 addresses issues related to human settlement, urban environment and environmental health; Article 3.8 addresses issues related to the control of hazardous Materials and pollution from industrial waste; and ?Article 3.9 atmospheric pollution and climate change.
According to article 44 of the 1995 Ethiopian constitution every person has the right to live in a clean and healthy environment. In addition, the1997 environmental policy of Ethiopia also incorporates the need for higher priority in solid waste management, and the need for community participation and acknowledges the participation of lowest administrative levels and local communities during planning. FDRE solid waste management proclamationNo.513/2007 is also formulated with objective to promote stakeholders participation in solid waste management, and to prevent