The Seljuk State was founded by the immigrant Turkish communities under the flag since its foundation the barbarian

Etudes

The Seljuk State was founded by the immigrant Turkish communities under the flag since its foundation the barbarian, went in search of new soil in the west. Iraq, Iran, Azerbaijan, Anatolia, the Caucasus, and Syria were places where this search was concentrated. A series of collisions between the Seljuks and the Georgians living in the Caucasus took place since the 11th century. During the periods of Tu?rul Bey and Alparslan, the Seljuks had an overwhelming superiority over their competitors. The crowded Oghuz communities that flowed from Central Asia, has been a devastating effect on Georgia’s economic and political structure. Because of these influxes, cultivated lands in the country became grasslands for Turks and peasant farmers fled to the mountains. This is where the Georgian peasants are pulling into the mountains and their life in the period. In 1089, the 16th-year-old Prince David became the king, the Georgian throne leader. He struggled in order to recover the country in crisis. The aim was to bring the country of refuge and the Turks first to leave the South Caucasus after Georgia. During a period when the Oghuz influences had weakened, he took care of internal problems. He took some towns by making attacks. Despite all these military successes, the Turks still spent winter in Georgia. This created the danger of loss of captured territories. David will be able to defend himself and his cities at the same time and continue the wars there was no military force. The central power of the king was limited because of the feudal structure of the Middle Ages. The country was far from political unity; the feudal regions were acting independently. Even the military forces were in local lovers, and the king was able to gather the favorable army, the powers of the king could have been made up of small garrisons in the land and palace guards. King David decided to establish a powerful army that only commanded himself independent of the lords. However, these troops, which will be taken to the army, are in production to not adversely affect the economy of the country. It was not supposed to be among the working people. Therefore, these soldiers had to be elected from non-Georgians. The most suitable nation for this was the Kipchak Turks. The Kipchaks, who are from the near world, are a warlike society like other Turkish people. They could easily come to the country and adapt to it. At the time, David was married to Guranduht, daughter of Kipchak Basbugu Atrak, famous for his beauty. Atrak’s proposal was welcomed in 1118 a group of Kipchak Turks migrated to the Georgian lands. According to the agreement, a soldier was taken from each household and an army of 40,000 people was formed. David finally had a large army that only commanded himself. The disintegration of the Seljuk State, the crusaders and the Byzantine Empire That it has been attacked on the Turkish-Islamic countries, that the Batiani assassinations have intensified and the turmoil that emerged during this period when the Turkish state and its principals fell on each other. David wanted to benefit, the ease with which you have taken care of your internal problems, to neighboring Islamic countries he decided to pass the right attack. The Georgian army, which started out in the capital city Kutaisi in the year 1120, in a short time, he acquired many chalets and expanded his borders. The king’s next target was Tbilisi and Ganja. The Emperor of Caferogullari in Tbilisi asked for help from the rulers and lords around the border. Beside the Tbilisi people’s request for help, IV.David’s efforts to remove the Seljuks from the territory of Georgia, to make independent cities in the region subject to itself, and the Muslim leaders, Georgian King IV. Begin to see David as a strong enemy of the activities he carries out also influenced the outcry of Georgia over Georgia. At the alliance formed by the orders of Mahmut the ruler of Great Seljuk at the age of 14 Sultan’s brother and ruler of Nakhchivan, Melik Tugrul, Mardin Emiri Artuklu Ilgazi, known for its wars with the Crusaders, Bitlis and the Erzemil ruler Dilmaço?lular? Beyi Togan Arslan Bey and some of them were next to them. The Turkish emirates move to Tbilisi after the formation of an alliance against Gürcüler. While leaving Melik Tu?rul Gence; Togan Arslan moved from the Duvin. Necmettin Ilgazi also came out of Mardin. The meeting place was in Tbilisi … Erzurum, Kars, Trialeti, and Manglis, moving towards Tbilisi although ?lgazi has come to Tbilisi for half a day, neither Melik Tugrul nor Togan had seen the forces of Arslan. Aid forces have not arrived yet. The Georgian King moved from the old capital with the army he had prepared. The aim was to lower the ambush of the opponent in the mountainous area. The Georgian King, who divided the army in two, took most of it under his control, gave a small part to his son Demetre. The army in control of the Demetry was held as the reserve force and war was important in an instant he was waiting to attack the enemy suddenly. After passing the Nichbis Valley, David closed the forest with trees, large rocks closed their way back to their troops, and they gave them no other way than to fight their death. The army supplies are very different from each other in many sources. When the handset is compared and considering different premise information, the numbers are as follows: The remaining Ilgazi’s 30,000 soldiers while the Georgian army is close to 40,000 Kipchak, the rest are Georgians, Fields, few It was around 60-80 thousand in total if the Armenians and the mercenaries were from Franks. Some sources indicate that 40,000 Georgian residents are Kipchak and Alan. It turns out that the king, who returned to his troops in the hills, “Get closer to Jesus’ soldiers! If we can justify the order of God in a legitimate way, only with the devil we can come not even of those, but even Satan himself. Our plan for our self-esteem and interests is to extend our hands to the sky for love To promise the Great God to die instead of fleeing from the battlefield close all the open roads we entered this valley with frequent trees so that we cannot escape and to attack the enemy who dares to fight us in a region close to us. “The army deployed in the place called Didgori, 40 km away from Tbilisi. Didgori was one of the residences of the king, from which the road was closed to the middle districts of Kartli and to Tbilisi. David built the camp between the two mountains. Before the war, 200 Kipchak Turks went to the Seljuks on the pretext of surrendering. Lakin, these surrendered soldiers enter the army does not enter the left and right arrow begins to rain A deterioration has occurred in the Seljuk ranks. After the deterioration of the order of the Seljuk army that was attacked, David, he was attacked by giving a sudden attack order to his troops. Georgian vanguard troops locked the Seljuk archers into close war. In the face of a sudden attack, Ilgazi, while engaged with the enemy pioneer David horses on the hill Selçuklu attacked the left wing. Ilgazi, in the face of the attack on the hills, tried to move to defensive position. Meanwhile, the son of King Demetre also left the place where the Seljuk army right attacked the wing. After the Alular, the situation on the field became clear with the rise of the Georgian podiums. Between the two sides on 18 August 1121 in Didgori, and only three in the wake of this war which is on the clock, Seljuk they have defeated their forces. After defeating the Seljuk army, many Muslim soldiers have martyred and captured about 4,000 people. The courageous battle ended with Seljuk’s complete devastation and David “stabbed and beaten Seljuks for three days”. For the first time King, David combined his national formations and established the Kingdom of Georgia and they started the golden age for themselves.